This paper evaluates the roles of gender regarding copula choice in Spanish in a contact situation with Basque, Catalan, Galician, and Valencian. The selection of either ser or estar in Spanish has to do with the semantic and pragmatic constraints of several linguistic discourse factors (Geeslin 2005). Data were gathered with the help of a sociolinguistic questionnaire and a Contextualized Preference task. According to our findings, there were differences amidst the bilingual populations in their rates of selection of estar with respect to the monolinguals, but more importantly no single pattern regarding gender differences was found in the distribution of the copulas. Thus, this work demonstrates that gender differences are not one-dimensional.
Selected Proceedings of the Third Workshop on Spanish Sociolinguistics
edited by Jonathan Holmquist, Augusto Lorenzino, and Lotfi Sayahi
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