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Indonesian Crossed Control: Expanding the Typology of Restructuring
Mike Berger
61-70 (complete paper or proceedings contents)


In Indonesian, a sentence like Ali coba di-cium oleh Siti can either mean 'Ali tries to be kissed by Siti' or 'Siti tries to kiss Ali'. The former is the normal reading; the latter is the so-called 'crossed' reading: while the thematic relation in the complement clause is invariant, the understood subject of the matrix predicate can vary between the matrix or the embedded (oblique) DP. Where previous accounts have treated the ambiguity as resulting from a single structure, I show that normal and crossed clauses are underlyingly distinct. The crossed reading can be captured using 'reverse' Restructuring, a situation in which an underspecified matrix Voice head inherits phi-features of an embedded Voice head.

Published in

Proceedings of the 36th West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics
edited by Richard Stockwell, Maura O'Leary, Zhongshi Xu, and Z.L. Zhou
Table of contents
Printed edition: $395.00