This paper presents the results of a cross-linguistic survey on syntactic person restrictions such as the Person-Case Constraint (PCC) and Direct-Inverse Marking alternations. Looking at both kinds of restrictions as essentially the same phenomenon, the survey focused on variation with respect to the arguments involved in the person restriction (external arguments and internal arguments—EA-IA, or exclusively internal arguments—IA-IA) as well as variation in terms of the strength of the restrictions (i.e., how many combinations of pronouns are banned). The survey identified two generalizations: (i) an implicational relation between EA-IA and IA-IA person restrictions and (ii) an implicational relation between STANDARD and REVERSE PCC. It is argued in the paper that (i) and (ii) actually follow from a system where phase heads C/v are the loci of valued person features and deficient pronouns must get their person values via Agree with C/v.
Proceedings of the 34th West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics
edited by Aaron Kaplan, Abby Kaplan, Miranda K. McCarvel, and Edward J. Rubin
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