This paper seeks ways to shed light on the stranded status of the licensing heads of the ellipses within the clausal domain. The licensing head X bearing the [E]-feature (Merchant 2001) is pronounced at PF, such as in VPE and pseudogapping, but unpronounced in (matrix) sluicing. To account for this, it is suggested that there are two possibilities of PF-realization of X: either overtly or covertly. In the former, X is rescued by a strategy like do-support (or other auxilaries) (Lasnik 1999), whereas in the latter, it is deleted independently from its complement YP. A way to do this is developed under the Bare Phrase Structure (Chomsky 1995). On the whole, the licensing head X cannot be stranded at PF, conforming to Lasnik's (1981) SAF.
Proceedings of the 34th West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics
edited by Aaron Kaplan, Abby Kaplan, Miranda K. McCarvel, and Edward J. Rubin
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