This short case study shows that in Mandarin, the interpretation of Directed Manner of Motion can arise from three types of complement to a manner-of-motion verb. The paper distinguishes these complements more precisely by their internal configuration: first, by the locus of the vP-internal NP; and second, by the structural relationship between the manner-of-motion v and the Path/Result XP. Despite their superficial similarity, in the unified environment of the manner-of-motion verb the three structures exhibit systematically distinct syntactic and compositional properties, which are shown to follow from the configurations proposed. The findings support fine-grained analysis to the internal configuration of vP complements, and supplement syntactic structure as a possible locus of variation in Directed Manner of Motion Constructions (in addition to lexical, or semantic or morpho-phonological composition (Beck and Snyder, 2001; Folli and Ramchand, 2005; Zubizarreta and Oh, 2007; Acedo-Matellan, 2016; etc.)).
Proceedings of the 34th West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics
edited by Aaron Kaplan, Abby Kaplan, Miranda K. McCarvel, and Edward J. Rubin
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