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Bookmark and Share Paper 1831

Non-Core Arguments in Verbal and Nominal Predication: High and Low Applicatives and Possessor Raising
Pavel Grashchenkov and Vita G. Markman
185-193 (complete paper or proceedings contents)

Abstract

The paper addresses the status of non-core dative arguments in nominal and verbal predication. Non-core dative arguments (N-CDA) can be added to some verbal predicates in English (e.g. John bought (me) a pie). However, in English N-CDAs are impossible with nominal predicates (e.g. *He was me a friend). In contrast, Russian allows N-CDAs in verbal and nominal predication; i.e. the analogue of 'He was me a friend' is grammatical in Russian. By treating N-CDAs in nominal and verbal predication as High and Low Applicatives respectively, the paper explains (a) why N-CDAs are necessarily interpreted as possessors in nominal but not in verbal predication and (b) why English forbids N-CDAs in nominal predication, but allows them with verbal predicates.

Published in

Proceedings of the 27th West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics
edited by Natasha Abner and Jason Bishop
Table of contents
Printed edition: $375.00