This work claims that the syntactic structure of Locative P(reposition)s consists of an empty noun, Place, which denotes the physical space surrounding the DP complement of the locative, and is the head noun of a DP which is the complement of a functional head, PLoc. The locatives on which this work focuses are the modifiers of Place, while what appears to be their DP complement is their possessor. The analysis is based on empirical evidence from Greek initially, and, subsequently, is supported by evidence from Spanish and English. Thus, it is demonstrated that languages may differ as to whether PLoc is overt or not, whether the modifier of Place is present (in the former case), and whether it is adjectival or nominal. The author's claims provide an explanation for the lexical and/or nominal 'flavor' often associated with Locative Ps (den Dikken 2003, Svenonius 2004a, van Riemsdjik 1990, 1998, Bresnan 1994, Collins 2004), which always presented a problem for those accounts that consider all Ps to be functional (Baker 2003, Grimshaw 1991, Botwinik-Rotem 2004).
Proceedings of the 26th West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics
edited by Charles B. Chang and Hannah J. Haynie
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