Despite emerging interest on the ideologies surrounding English and its effects on particular societies, most recent research has mostly been concerned with postcolonial ESL contexts. The present study investigates how English is framed in a particular EFL context, South Korea, by focusing on the "English immersion" debate regarding whether or not English immersion should be reinforced in public schools? This study examines the complexities of the discourse surrounding the policy proposal and makes explicit the mainstream ideologies of English that structure educational policy and public opinions within the South Korean society. Based on a critical discourse analysis of political, media, and academic debates, analysis shows that both sides of the debate—pro- and anti-English immersion—end up supporting similar ideological positions, thereby contributing to the local construction of the hegemony of English.
Selected Proceedings of the 2008 Second Language Research Forum: Exploring SLA Perspectives, Positions, and Practices
edited by Matthew T. Prior, Yukiko Watanabe, and Sang-Ki Lee
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