The study reported in this article investigates traits of L2 oral proficiency in EFL (English as a foreign language) and JFL (Japanese as a foreign language). In-depth analysis of 72 (39 EFL and 33 JFL) speech samples produced by learners was conducted using a range of measures of syntactic complexity, grammatical accuracy, lexical diversity, and fluency. The results showed that features of each of these categories helped distinguish overall levels of performance, with features of vocabulary and fluency having the strongest impact, although considerable differences between the languages were observed. Outcomes from this cross-linguistic study will provide insights into the characteristics of L2 oral proficiency.
Selected Proceedings of the 2008 Second Language Research Forum: Exploring SLA Perspectives, Positions, and Practices
edited by Matthew T. Prior, Yukiko Watanabe, and Sang-Ki Lee
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