In this paper the results of two experiments that were designed to show that there is no syntactic transfer from Quechua into Andean Spanish word order are reported. In Andean Spanish, the object appears in preverbal position more frequently than in Standard Spanish. In Standard Spanish fronted elements encode topic/focus. Since focus fronting could explain the high frequency of preverbal objects in Andean Spanish, it must be determined whether focus fronting in Andean Spanish has the same properties as in Standard Spanish. The main syntactic properties of focus fronting in Standard Spanish are weak crossover and long-distance movement. Experiments were created to test for these properties in Andean Spanish and Quechua. The results show that Andean Spanish and Standard Spanish are syntactically identical—i.e., the syntactic structure of Quechua is not transferred. The study is in tune with previous research in language contact (Prince 1988, Silva-Corvalán 1993, 1994) and findings in SLA regarding the vulnerability of the C-domain (Serratrice et al. 2004, Argyri & Sorace 2007).
Selected Proceedings of the 2007 Second Language Research Forum
edited by Melissa Bowles, Rebecca Foote, Silvia Perpiñán, and Rakesh Bhatt
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