Past Participle Clauses (PCs) ban unergatives yet not unaccusatives, making them a long established diagnostic for the Unaccusative Hypothesis (UH, Perlmutter 1978). Notwithstanding the prominence of PCs in the unaccusative literature (Levin & Rappaport 1995, Hale & Kayser 1993), little attention has been paid to their structural analysis. Why should PCs ban unergatives? In this paper it is proposed that PCs are VP phases (Chomsky 2001), without vP, TP or CP (contra Belletti 1992), hence deriving the instrumental role of PCs in the UH.
Selected Proceedings of the 10th Hispanic Linguistics Symposium
edited by Joyce Bruhn de Garavito and Elena Valenzuela
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