Yesterday, All My Troubles Have Seemed (PP) So Far Away: Variation in Pre-hodiernal Perfective Expression in Peninsular Spanish
Bonnie C. Holmes and Colleen Balukas
79-89 (complete paper
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The Present Perfect (PP) has extended to erstwhile Preterit contexts in modern Peninsular Spanish yet it is still disfavored in reference to pre-hodiernal past situations. This hodiernal/pre-hodiernal distinction is said to represent an intermediate stage of a diachronic process that may eventually result in an extension of the PP to all perfective contexts (as in other Romance languages, most notably French (Schwenter 1994)). In this study of oral data (Marcos Martín 1992, Esgueva and Cantarero 1981), we find a PP rate of 27% in 'yesterday and before' contexts. Multivariate (variable-rule) analysis shows that the choice of the PP is favored by temporal reference indeterminacy and a preceding PP, in support of the hypothesis that grammaticalization advances in temporally indeterminate contexts (Schwenter and Torres Cacoullos 2008) and that structural priming plays a role in language change.
Selected Proceedings of the 5th Workshop on Spanish Sociolinguistics
edited by Jim Michnowicz and Robin Dodsworth
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