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Official Bilingualism in Paraguay, 1995-2001: An Analysis of the Impact of Language Policy on Attitudinal Change
Shaw N. Gynan
24-40 (complete paper or proceedings contents)


During the transition from dictatorship to democracy, Paraguay developed a theoretically sound language plan for bilingual education. A pair of language attitude surveys were conducted at the early stage of this project and six years later. The results show significant change along a number of dimensions. Bilingual education and a positive language policy appear to have improved linguistic self-esteem, reduced purism, and contributed toward a more positive attitude toward Guaraní, the indigenous language still spoken by a majority of the population. These results point to the beneficial effects of bilingual education and a language policy that recognizes the legitimacy of all languages spoken in a country.

Published in

Selected Proceedings of the Second Workshop on Spanish Sociolinguistics
edited by Lotfi Sayahi and Maurice Westmoreland
Table of contents
Printed edition: $180.00