All proceedings
Enter a document #:
Enter search terms:

Info for readers Info for authors Info for editors Info for libraries Order form Shopping cart

Bookmark and Share Paper 3435

Systematic Variation in the Gender System in American Norwegian
Linn Iren Sjånes Rødvand
88-95 (complete paper or proceedings contents)


This paper investigates the gender system of 25 American Norwegian speakers by focusing on the indefinite article and personal pronouns referring to inanimates (PPI). New data collected by the present author are presented. These data replicate the findings of previous studies as regards individual differences in gender agreement. Importantly however, careful examination of the systematically elicited data revealed that the individual variation is in fact limited and systematic. All speakers conform to one of four patterns of gender agreement: 1) retention of the original system; 2) loss of a separate feminine PPI; 3) loss of a feminine PPI, in addition to the use of only one, invariable article; 4) a new, semantically-based pronominal system. Across these four patterns of gender agreement, however, there is a strong tendency for masculine agreement forms to be used with non-masculine nouns. I argue that this can be interpreted as a result of processing difficulties.

Published in

Selected Proceedings of the 8th Workshop on Immigrant Languages in the Americas (WILA 8)
edited by Jan Heegård Petersen and Karoline Kühl
Table of contents
Printed edition: $220.00