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Predicate Focus in Krachi: 2 Probes, 1 Goal, 3 PFs
Jason Kandybowicz and Harold Torrence
227-236 (complete paper or proceedings contents)


This article examines verb doubling predicate focus constructions in Krachi, an endangered language of Ghana. Krachi has three such constructions: one in which V alone appears in the left periphery; another in which V-O has been fronted; and a third involving O-V inversion in the fronted constituent. We propose that all instances of predicate focus with verb doubling in Krachi involve the formation of identical parallel chains, namely, V-to-T and vP-to-Spec, FocP movement. These parallel chains arise because different probes (Foc & T) target the same goal (V). We propose that differences in the PF interpretation of the two vP copies account for the surface differences between the predicate focus constructions in the language. Krachi predicate focus thus provides additional support for analyses like Kandybowicz 2008 and Aboh & Dyakonova 2009 that attempt to derive verb doubling from narrow syntactic mechanisms like parallel chain formation rather than multiple copy spell-out at PF.

Published in

Proceedings of the 33rd West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics
edited by Kyeong-min Kim, Pocholo Umbal, Trevor Block, Queenie Chan, Tanie Cheng, Kelli Finney, Mara Katz, Sophie Nickel-Thompson, and Lisa Shorten
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Printed edition: $375.00