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Share Paper 3185

On Forward and Backward Raising
Susi Wurmbrand
342-351 (complete paper or proceedings contents)


Tagalog allows raising and control constructions in which the surface position of the subject is in the embedded clause. In this paper it is shown that previous restructuring approaches raise questions regarding the properties of infinitives in Tagalog as well as the situation of Tagalog infinitives within restructuring cross-linguistically. Instead, the paper proposes an alternative movement analysis according to which Tagalog allows for the option of backward raising and backward control. The account adds Tagalog to the group of languages (involving Adyghe, Tsez, Malagasy, and Standard Arabic) for which backward control/raising has been observed and offers a hypothesis for the rarity and distribution of such configurations.

Published in

Proceedings of the 32nd West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics
edited by Ulrike Steindl, Thomas Borer, Huilin Fang, Alfredo García Pardo, Peter Guekguezian, Brian Hsu, Charlie O'Hara, and Iris Chuoying Ouyang
Table of contents
Printed edition: $375.00