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Share Paper 3179

*{t, t}
Hiroki Narita
286-295 (complete paper or proceedings contents)


This paper puts forward a hitherto unnoticed constraint imposed on natural language syntax, which will be called *{t, t}. This constraint effectively bans syntactic objects (SOs) of the form {t, t}, where the two t's represent traces (copies) created by Internal Merge (IM) (cf. the copy theory of movement; Chomsky 1993). I will first argue that *{t, t} can be straightforwardly deduced from the interplay of Chomsky's (2013) labeling algorithm (LA) and the principle of Full Interpretation (FI). I will then show that the effect of *{t, t} can be observed in a variety of phenomena, including predicate-fronting, copular sentences, criterial freezing (Rizzi, 2006, 2007), and head-movement.

Published in

Proceedings of the 32nd West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics
edited by Ulrike Steindl, Thomas Borer, Huilin Fang, Alfredo García Pardo, Peter Guekguezian, Brian Hsu, Charlie O'Hara, and Iris Chuoying Ouyang
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Printed edition: $375.00