Previous analyses of stress-morphology interactions in Pama-Nyungan and other Australian aboriginal languages have tended to fall into two classes: base-driven approaches, which acknowledge the role of a morphological base to which the derivative is faithful (e.g., Kenstowicz 1998, Steriade 2013) and alignment-based approaches, in which these interactions are due to constraints governing the alignment of metrical constituents with morpheme boundaries (e.g., Crowhurst 1994, McCarthy & Prince 1994, Kager 1997, Berry 1998, Pensalfini 1999; see also Poser 1989). This paper presents a new base-driven analysis of stress in a large collection of Australian languages, and discusses the results of a factorial typology based on the proposed constraint set. The predictions of the base-driven account are then compared to the predictions of an alignment-based account (Alderete 2009). While both approaches predict the full range of Australian stress patterns, their predictions regarding the broader typology diverge significantly. I show that the base-driven account, but not the alignment-based account, makes strong, restrictive, and accurate predictions regarding the global typology of stress-morphology interactions.
Proceedings of the 32nd West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics
edited by Ulrike Steindl, Thomas Borer, Huilin Fang, Alfredo García Pardo, Peter Guekguezian, Brian Hsu, Charlie O'Hara, and Iris Chuoying Ouyang
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