This paper provides comprehensive cross-linguistic generalizations concerning consonant cluster repairs in loan adaptation—namely vowel epenthesis and consonant deletion—by considering all possible types of clusters both in word-initial and word-final positions. Also, this paper will argue that it is acoustic cues that play a central role in determining sites of epenthesis or deletion, rather than sonority contour between consonants in a cluster. It will be shown that the cross-linguistic asymmetries in nonnative cluster repairs are accounted for by differences in perceptual similarity between an original consonant cluster and its repair forms originating from the acoustic cues, which leads borrowers to choose a perceptually less modified repair.
Proceedings of the 31st West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics
edited by Robert E. Santana-LaBarge
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