While applicative and causative constructions have been extensively studied independently, the configuration derived by the interaction of the two has drawn less attention in generative grammar. This is partly because applicative and causative affixes in some languages (e.g. Chichewa) seem to be subject to a fixed morphological template (Hyman 2003), while others allow reordering of the two. This study shows that the apparent morphological constraints on the interaction of applicative and causative in Hiaki and Korean are in fact due to the selectional properties of the causative and applicative heads. The analysis explains the distinct syntactic status of the two types of causatives in Hiaki and Korean, as well as correctly predicts the kind of verbal roots that can be associated with the more restricted causative-applicative order. The results of the study are in line with the assumption that verb phrases are comprised of three layers—VoiceP, verbalizing vP, and acategorial root (Cuervo 2003, Harley 2013)—and have implications for the definition of root-selecting causatives (Marantz 1997, Pylkkänen 2002).
Proceedings of the 31st West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics
edited by Robert E. Santana-LaBarge
Table of contents