This paper examines data from Hocąk (Siouan) that provide empirical evidence for Fox's (2002) analysis of antecedent-contained deletion (ACD). Fox argues that ACD is resolved by covert rightward movement of the object, followed by late merger of the relative clause containing the ellipsis site. Hocąk is an SOV language that displays ACD, which makes it an ideal candidate to test Fox's theory: rightward movement is visible. In Hocąk, overt rightward movement of the object is in fact necessary with argument ACD. However, ACD involving an adjunct exhibits no such constraint; instead, the relative clause has the option of remaining between the subject and the verb. Rightward movement of adjunct relative clauses is not necessary for ACD resolution because parallelism can be satisfied without it: after VP generation, the adjunct left-adjoins to the VP. Thus, the data from Hocąk provide strong empirical evidence for Fox's analysis, as rightward movement is both overt and required for ACD resolution of objects.
Proceedings of the 31st West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics
edited by Robert E. Santana-LaBarge
Table of contents