Naturally reflexive verbs (e.g. wash, Kemmer 1993) involve two theta-roles but often only have one overt DP. After revisiting their properties in English, German, and Greek, the paper proposes a non-uniform syntactic analysis of naturally reflexive verbs: they have an unergative syntax in English (exactly as so-called non-core transitive verbs when they leave their object unexpressed), a transitive syntax in German (involving a subject-bound anaphor in object position), and an unaccusative syntax in Greek (involving a Middle-Voice head that does not project a specifier). This corresponds to the morphology found with NRVs in these languages: zero, reflexive pronoun, and verbal inflection, respectively.
Proceedings of the 31st West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics
edited by Robert E. Santana-LaBarge
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