This paper develops an analysis of sequential voicing in complex compounds. Left-branching and right-branching compounds exhibit a sharp contrast in sequential voicing, a contrast that calls for an analysis sensitive to compound-internal structure. This paper proposes an account couched in the Lexical Phonology-Morphology version of OT (LPM-OT). Compounding and sequential voicing occur alternately. As a result, this serial approach is necessarily sensitive to compound-internal structure. One more crucial analytical ingredient is covert voicing features. A covert voicing feature inserted in a previous cycle blocks sequential voicing. The proposed analysis is very similar to Ito & Mester's (1986) rule-based analysis, but there is an empirical reason for favoring the constraint-based approach. Other OT analyses, parallel and serial, are conceivable, but they make erroneous empirical predictions. The LPM-OT account is superior to them on empirical grounds.
Proceedings of the 29th West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics
edited by Jaehoon Choi, E. Alan Hogue, Jeffrey Punske, Deniz Tat, Jessamyn Schertz, and Alex Trueman Table of contents
ISBN 978-1-57473-451-5 library binding
viii + 406 pages
publication date: 2012
published by Cascadilla Proceedings Project, Somerville, MA, USA