A recent survey of 267 Dutch dialects provides five cases of syntactic doubling, in which two elements (wh-pronouns or subject pronouns) referring to the same syntactic entity co-occur in one and the same sentence. This paper focuses on four cases of non-identical doubling, where two distinct-looking elements co-occur. It is shown that the order of these pronouns is fixed and that the first (or syntactically higher) pronoun must be less specific than the second one. It is argued that this generalization follows from 'partial copying,' a process that copies a proper subconstituent and remerges it higher in the structure. This naturally excludes the ungrammatical orders, as those would involve full copying plus the addition of features, in violation of the inclusiveness condition. The proposal requires pronouns to be spell outs of phrases (cf. Cardinaletti & Starke 1999 a.o.) and it is in combination with this hypothesis that the full set of data is accounted for in a uniform way. Advantages over alternative accounts of syntactic doubling are briefly discussed.
Proceedings of the 26th West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics
edited by Charles B. Chang and Hannah J. Haynie
Table of contents