In many languages, laryngeal consonants pattern differently from supralaryngeal consonants; for example, in exhibiting transparency to spreading across them. Focusing on the patterning of glottal stop, this paper examines three additional ways in which laryngeal consonants have been observed to pattern differently from other consonants, including the fact that many languages require the vowels flanking glottal stop to be identical, that glottal stop often triggers echo epenthesis across it, and that in some languages hiatus resolution-like processes occur across glottal stop. Representative languages discussed in this paper that exhibit the above-mentioned patterns include Yucatec Maya, Kekchi and Yatzachi Zapotec, respectively, among others. This paper proposes that a unified analysis of the patterning of glottal stop is possible if we shift our focus from its traditional featural representation to its gestural and temporal characteristics. The main proposal of this paper is that the divergence in the patterning of glottal stop and other stop consonants results from the fact that they differ in their gestural representations.
Proceedings of the 24th West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics
edited by John Alderete, Chung-hye Han, and Alexei Kochetov
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