This article tests the claim in the literature that the presence of the overt expletive ello in Caribbean varieties of Spanish is indicative of a parametric change in progress from null-subject language to otherwise. The authors compare the syntactic characteristics associated with the overt expletive ello in Cibeño Dominican Spanish (CDS) with those associated with overt expletives in partial null-subject languages as well as non-null-subject languages. The results suggest that CDS behaves more like archaic Ibero-Romance null-subject languages than any other language type. Given the behavior of ello in matrix and subordinate clauses, the authors propose that ello appears in the Spec of an "active F/Fin" projection and encodes speaker-related features, or a logophoric center, which must be licensed by the head of F/Fin.
Selected Proceedings of the 16th Hispanic Linguistics Symposium
edited by Jennifer Cabrelli Amaro, Gillian Lord, Ana de Prada Pérez, and Jessi Elana Aaron Table of contents
ISBN 978-1-57473-459-1 library binding
vii + 348 pages
publication date: 2013
published by Cascadilla Proceedings Project, Somerville, MA, USA