Spanish-Language Print Media in the United States: A Critical Discourse Analysis of Ideological Representations
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The current study constitutes a critical discourse analysis of ideological representations in Spanish-language print media in the Midwest of the United States. The study's goal is to shed light on how ideology is expressed in Spanish as a minoritized language, as well as the potential for these ideologies to challenge mainstream ideologies. The data represent 24 local news articles from two local Spanish-language print newspapers in the Midwest of the United States that were analyzed following Teun van Dijk's socio-cognitive approach (1998, 2008) and Norman Fairclough's dialectal-relational approach (2001). The analysis indicates how grammatical structures, context, cognition, and overarching social structures combine to create distinctive discursive representations of ideology. Grammatical structures in local Spanish-language newspapers establish hierarchies of inclusion and exclusion of social actors, whereas contextual structures refer to information unique to both the Latino immigrant community and the United States community. As a whole, the newspapers provide Latino immigrants an opportunity to learn necessary sociocultural information about the United States while maintaining their own epistemic community. By indicating the potential for local Spanish-language media to challenge the negative ideologies commonly represented in the English-language mass media, this study underscores the impact local media may have on changing oppressive discursive practices against minoritized groups in the United States.
Selected Proceedings of the 16th Hispanic Linguistics Symposium
edited by Jennifer Cabrelli Amaro, Gillian Lord, Ana de Prada Pérez, and Jessi Elana Aaron
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