The Syntax of Mixed DPs Containing an Adjective: Evidence from Bilingual German-Romance (French, Italian, Spanish) Children
Laia Arnaus Gil, Nadine Eichler, Veronika Jansen, Marisa Patuto, and Natascha Müller
242-257 (complete paper
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The present study investigates intra-sentential code-switching (CS) based on the longitudinal studies of twelve bilingual children, focusing on switching between attributive adjectives and nouns. The children acquire German and a Romance language (Spanish, French or Italian) as their L1s simultaneously. Since these languages differ with respect to adjective placement, the database permits testing of different syntactic analyses of switched utterances. It will be shown that only an approach to adjective order assuming a universal base for pre- and postnominal adjectives can account for the data encountered in the corpora. Two further results of the study are the relative infrequency of adjective-noun-sequences in CS and the preference of prenominal to postnominal adjective placement in children of all language combinations. The latter result is expected within the Universal Base approach since it is assumed that postnominal adjective order is derivationally more complex than prenominal placement.
Selected Proceedings of the 14th Hispanic Linguistics Symposium
edited by Kimberly Geeslin and Manuel Díaz-Campos
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