Spanish Dialect Contact in San Antonio, Texas: An Exploratory Study
Robert Bayley, Norma L. Cárdenas, Belinda Treviño Schouten, and Carlos Martin Vélez Salas
48-60 (complete paper
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This study examines variable subject personal pronoun (SPP) use by Puerto Rican and Mexican-origin residents of San Antonio, Texas, a majority Mexican-background city in which Puerto Ricans constitute less than one percent of the Latino population. Results of multivariate analysis, however, indicate that the majority of Puerto Rican speakers studied here are maintaining their linguistic distinctiveness with respect to the use of overt SPPs. However, a small group of speakers whose social and professional networks consist primarily of Mexican-descent Spanish speakers use overt SPPs at a rate similar to that found in other studies of Mexican immigrant and Mexican American Spanish. The study also compares rates of SPP use by the Puerto Rican Texans examined here with a sample of Mexican immigrant and Mexican American speakers from San Antonio. Results show that Puerto Rican Spanish speakers with Mexican social networks use SPPs at a rate that is much closer to the rate of use by Mexican-background speakers than it is to the rate of use by Puerto Ricans in San Juan or New York City. Finally, based on the data examined here, the study addresses the roles of social networks and individual agency in conditioning linguistic variation.
Selected Proceedings of the 14th Hispanic Linguistics Symposium
edited by Kimberly Geeslin and Manuel Díaz-Campos
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