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Bookmark and Share Paper 2839

Scare Quotes and Glosses: Indicators of Lexical Innovation with Affixed Derivatives
Mark Kaunisto
97-106 (complete paper or proceedings contents)


This paper looks into the occurrences of new words and the variety of expressions which commonly accompany such words. In some instances authors or speakers may feel a need to more or less explicitly indicate the notion that a specific word they are using is indeed somehow novel. While earlier studies have discussed the nature of the use of novelty markers such as quotation marks, glosses, and introductory phrases with neologisms in general, this paper focuses on derivative suffixation and the need to use such indicators together with new words ending in ten different suffixes (-ability, -able/-ible, -dom, -ee, -esque, -hood, -ification, -less, -let, and -wise). Based on the analysis of ten sets of hapax legomena in the British National Corpora, it is observed that the kind of markers or additional "cues" used with the words tends to vary from one suffix to another, and the choices may be reflective of underlying attitudes to the suffixes as word-formational elements.

Published in

Selected Proceedings of the 2012 Symposium on New Approaches in English Historical Lexis (HEL-LEX 3)
edited by R. W. McConchie, Teo Juvonen, Mark Kaunisto, Minna Nevala, and Jukka Tyrkkö
Table of contents
Printed edition: $220.00