Cognitive linguists have so far paid less attention to the diversity of metaphorical conceptualization across and within languages and cultures than to its universal aspects. Now it is time to offer a balanced view that takes into account both the universality and diversity of metaphor (cf. Kövecses 2005). Gevaert's findings (2001, 2005) indicate that the conceptualization of anger in terms of heat is not a constant feature of the concept of anger in English, but that it can, and does, fluctuate in the course of the development of English. This article suggests that universal physiology provides only a potential basis for metaphorical conceptualization -- without mechanically constraining what the specific metaphors for any given concept such as anger will be. The notion that this paper offers as a conceptual tool for an explanation is that of 'experiential focus.'
Selected Proceedings of the 2005 Symposium on New Approaches in English Historical Lexis (HEL-LEX)
edited by R. W. McConchie, Olga Timofeeva, Heli Tissari, and Tanja Säily
Table of contents