This study investigates the relation between the choice of a particular English derivational word form (e.g., analyze, analysis, analytical) and knowledge of the syntactic contextual requirements for that form for Patty—a native Hokkien/Mandarin Chinese speaker who acquired English as an adult. Data from naturalistic spoken and written production and from a multiple-choice, derived-word recognition task were examined; the latter included both real and novel lexical test items bearing different derivational suffixes. The findings indicate that Patty is clearly aware of the requirement for different derivational forms in particular syntactic contexts; however, in some cases she appears to have difficulty with lexical retrieval of the correct form, while in others, she does not yet seem to have completely learned which forms correspond with certain categorial features. Nor does she appear to rely on any particular type of (bare) default form, unlike what has been found for her production of inflectional morphology. Finally, the data suggest that Patty's representation of derivational morphology is best accounted for by a lexeme-based rather than morpheme-based model of linguistic theory.
Proceedings of the 8th Generative Approaches to Second Language Acquisition Conference (GASLA 2006): The Banff Conference
edited by Mary Grantham O'Brien, Christine Shea, and John Archibald
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