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Article Use in L3 English with German as L2 by Native Speakers of Russian and in L2 English of Russian Speakers
Michael Treichler, Cornelia Hamann, Manuela Schönenberger, Maria Voeykova, and Natalia Lauts
9-16 (complete paper or proceedings contents)


The study presents spontaneous and elicited data on article use in L3 English by L1 Russian speakers with German as L2. The subjects did not show the fluctuation pattern reported by Ionin et al. but, rather, benefited from L2 German article use. L3 learners living in Germany are compared with L3 and L2 learners living in Russia. The L3 group in Germany outperformed the L3 group in Russia, which in turn did better than the L2 group. These results indicate influence of L2, the ambient language, on L3 Acquisition and—in the pattern of omissions—influence of L1.

Published in

Proceedings of the 10th Generative Approaches to Second Language Acquisition Conference (GASLA 2009)
edited by Melissa Bowles, Tania Ionin, Silvina Montrul, and Annie Tremblay
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Printed edition: $290.00