This study presents evidence that advanced Korean learners engage in syntactic gap-processing when reading Japanese scrambling sentences requiring moderate computational effort, but not when reading computationally taxing scrambling sentences. In neither condition did advanced Chinese learners process syntactic gaps. By using Japanese scrambling as a target construction, the study circumvented the indeterminacy and computational overload confounding the findings of earlier L2 gap-processing studies. The data come from 24 advanced Korean learners, 24 advanced Chinese learners, and 24 NSs of Japanese who participated in a self-paced reading experiment. The evidence for Korean learners' engagement in syntactic gap-processing is at odds with Clahsen and Felser's (2006) shallow structure hypothesis.
Proceedings of the 3rd Conference on Generative Approaches to Language Acquisition North America (GALANA 2008)
edited by Jean Crawford, Koichi Otaki, and Masahiko Takahashi
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