Morphological Productivity in Diachrony: The Case of the Deverbal Nouns in -mento, -zione and -gione in Old Italian from the 13th to the 16th Century
138-147 (complete paper
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This paper investigates, in a diachronic perspective, the productivity of three Italian deverbal suffixes -- -mento, -zione and -gione -- within the framework of the corpus-based quantitative approach to morphological productivity based on Baayen's work. The study aims to support with empirical evidence the claim that there is a partial reduction of the productivity of -mento, an increasing profitability of the suffix -zione, and the disappearance of -gione in Old Italian within the time span from the 13th to the 16th century. The empirical data, obtained from four different-sized corpora (based on LIZ 4.0) corresponding to four centuries covered, are elaborated using zipfR, a tool for lexical statistics in R. The paper shows that the visual comparison of the vocabulary growth curves (as well as the P values) permit some important conclusions corroborating the above mentioned claim.
Selected Proceedings of the 6th Décembrettes: Morphology in Bordeaux
edited by Fabio Montermini, Gilles Boyé, and Jesse Tseng
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