Comitative coordination in Capevedean, a Portuguese-based Creole language, differs from comitative coordination in Portuguese and other European languages by the wider range of syntactic categories it conjoins and its insensitivity to the lexical-semantic selection of the main verb. In this respect Capeverdean behaves like with-languages. However, the comitative conjunction ku may not coordinate adjectival or tensed verbal predicates, as well as finite sentences. In this paper it is claimed that the widespread occurrence of ku in Capeverdean is due to its full grammaticalized status as a conjunction, and its impossibility to conjoin predicates and tensed domains is imputed to its comitative meaning: ku conjoins referential arguments or properties to derive a group entity or a compound property; it is excluded from contexts that denote related but independent properties or events and situations.
Selected Proceedings of the 44th Annual Conference on African Linguistics
edited by Ruth Kramer, Elizabeth C. Zsiga, and One Tlale Boyer
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