Epistemic modality and evidentiality are among the linguistic categories which have not been studied to any appreciable level in Akan. This paper presents and explores the expression of these two categories by the use of modal adverbs and predicative modal adjectives in Akan discourse. Analyses of the present data indicate that there is not much significant difference in meaning or form between certain modal adverbs or modal adjectives in Akan. Aside from discussions on how Akan uses adverbs and adjectives in these categories, the strategy by which some structures considered epistemic modal adverbs, modal adjectives and/or evidential markers in English are also discussed. It has been found in this study that some of the modal adverbs and predicative modal adjectives which are used to express epistemic modality or evidentiality in English are really coded or expressed by verbs/verb phrases in Akan.
Selected Proceedings of the 43rd Annual Conference on African Linguistics: Linguistic Interfaces in African Languages
edited by Ọ
la Orie and Karen W. Sanders
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