This paper presents an account of optional Anti-Agreement Effects (AAE) in the northwestern Bantu language Abo. Bantu AAE refers to Class 1 noun subject agreement marker alternations (Cheng 2006, Schneider-Zioga 2000 & 2007, Henderson 2009a,b, Dierks 2009). While Henderson (2009 a, b) argues that anti-agreement effects are fully predictable, Schneider-Zioga (2000) argues that some anti-agreement effects are just optional. Based on evidence from blocking of anti-agreement effects in Abo, I propose that optional anti-agreement effects do not reflect free variation in morphology, but rather different underlying syntactic structures.
Selected Proceedings of the 43rd Annual Conference on African Linguistics: Linguistic Interfaces in African Languages
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la Orie and Karen W. Sanders
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