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Tense Encoding, Agreement Patterns, Definiteness and Relativization Strategies in Changana
Fábio Bonfim Duarte
80-94 (complete paper or proceedings contents)


This paper investigates the syntax of independent and relative clauses in Changana. The analysis shows that subject inversion occurs in impersonal and cleft constructions and that the definiteness feature is a condition for definite and specific D/NPs to undergo movement to topic positions. The analysis of wh-questions demonstrates that Changana can be considered as a wh-in-situ language. In relative clauses, the head noun is usually referred inside the relative clause through a pronominal clitic or a subject prefix, depending on whether it has the role of subject or object. Additionally, the paper shows that the relativized noun is followed by a relative marker, whose morphological form is identical to the demonstrative pronouns. Finally, the study posits that the two sets of relative affixes can be viewed as a reflex of the finiteness and tense encoding in the C/TP domain.

Published in

Selected Proceedings of the 40th Annual Conference on African Linguistics: African Languages and Linguistics Today
edited by Eyamba G. Bokamba, Ryan K. Shosted, and Bezza Tesfaw Ayalew
Table of contents
Printed edition: $290.00