Evidence for the Mirror Principle and Morphological Templates in Luganda Affix Ordering
Laura McPherson and Mary Paster
56-66 (complete paper
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The order of affixes has often been claimed to follow from principles external to morphology proper, e.g., semantic scope (Rice 2000) or the order of syntactic operations (Baker 1985). Alsina (1999:6) has gone so far as to claim that one syntactic principle of affix ordering, Baker's (1985) Mirror Principle, is an 'exceptionless generalization.' However, it has been shown that some of the verbal 'extensions' (derivational suffixes) in Bantu languages have a fixed order that does not follow from these external principles and in some cases violates them (Hyman 2003, Good 2005). This contradiction has been pointed out by a number of different authors (e.g., Hyman 1994, 2003, 2006; Hyman and Inkelas 1997; Alsina 1999; Good 2003, 2005, 2007), and Bantu languages have played a central role in the effort to identify cross-linguistic principles of affix ordering. Surprisingly, however, no comprehensive study of affix order has been done on Luganda, a major Bantu language with over three million speakers (Gordon 2005). This paper seeks to fill this gap by presenting the results of a systematic study of the ordering of four verbal extensions in Luganda.
Selected Proceedings of the 39th Annual Conference on African Linguistics: Linguistic Research and Languages in Africa
edited by Akinloye Ojo and Lioba Moshi
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