This paper provides evidence for the distinction between words, clitics, and affixes in Kol, a Narrow Bantu language spoken in eastern Cameroon by drawing on data from all domains of the grammar: phonology, morphology, and syntax. Kol differs from many Bantu languages in that verbs no longer have prefixes marking subject agreement, tense, or aspect. Rather, the preverbal elements fulfilling these grammatical functions are independent words. Nouns and their modifiers are more conservative, retaining noun class prefixes and concord systems respectively.
Selected Proceedings of the 38th Annual Conference on African Linguistics: Linguistic Theory and African Language Documentation
edited by Masangu Matondo, Fiona Mc Laughlin, and Eric Potsdam
Table of contents